It’s Microbe Monday! And today’s microbe is Treponema denticola, an oral bacteria that causes gum disease.
Here are 3 things you should know about T. denticola
T. denticola is a spirochete, which means it’s shaped like a corkscrew! all spirochetes have a structure in their cells called an endoflagella that helps them move through a twisting motion.
T. denticola is in the same genus as the bacteria that causes syphillis! T denticola is also implicated in bacterial vaginiosis! Despite their similarities, the genome of T denticola is over twice the size of the bacteria that causes syphilis!
T denticola creates a unique enzyme called dentilisin, which coats its surface, and degrades human proteins involved in immunity. Dentilisin is an important virulence factor that helps it cause disease.
Stay tuned in for updates on new discoveries and future product